Monday, February 11, 2013

Greeting in Chinese One

Other articles that you may be interested:
Greetings in Chinese One  (this one)
Greetings in Chinese Two 
Greetings in Chinese Three 
Greetings in Chinese Four 
Greetings in Chinese Five 
Summary of Pronoun

Script of above video:

It seems that when we start learning a new language, the first thing we want to know is about greetings. In this video, we will learn how to greet each other in different situation with different way. 
 To greet another person, we may just simply say 'Hello' or 'Hi'.  How to say that in Chinese?
In Chinese, we say :”() (hǎo)” .
And in Chinese, we have a special ‘hello’ for senior person or a person who has higher social status to express our respect. We also use it in greetings when we meet another person for the first time in formal situation.
That is (nín) (hǎo).
If we need to greet a group of people, we may say ‘Hi guys’ or ‘hello folks’ in English. How to say that in Chinese?
We say: “ () (men) (hǎo)”   or “() (jiā) (hǎo)
Sometime, we may want to greet another person according to the time of the day. Such as, we may say good morning, good afternoon, good evening, and good night. Let’s see how to say that in Chinese:
 Good morning            (zǎo) (shang) (hǎo)       
Good afternoon           (xià)    ()     (hǎo)
Good evening              (wǎn)    (shang)    (hǎo)
Good night                  (wǎn)   (ān)

When you watch a TV show or listen to the radio, you may hear the host greeting the audience with:
() (shì) (men)(xiān) (sheng) (men)(wǎn) (shang) (hǎo)

The meaning is at the bottom of this blog. :)
Time to say goodbye. Well, this will be the last phrase we learn today.
(zài) (jiàn)    goodbye

Here are some exercises for you to test yourself:
Q1:  Which one means ‘good morning’
A.  下午好
B.  晚上好 
C. 早上好
D. 您好

Q2: What's the difference between 你好 and 您好?

Q3: Which ones mean " hello everyone"?
A.  早上好
B.  晚上好
C.  你们好
D.  大家好

Answer key:
() (shì) (men)(xiān) (sheng) (men)(wǎn) (shang) (hǎo) means:
Ladies and gentlemen, good evening!
Q1   C
Q2   Both mean hello. But 你好  can be used to anyone, while 您好 is only used when you want to show your respect to someone, such as senior person or someone who has higher social status, or when you meet someone for the first time in formal situation.

Q3   C D