Monday, April 10, 2017

Grammar point -- yǒu de



Grammar Point
有的有的


When we want to make a list of certain members of a group, we can use 有的 (yǒude). This usage is normally translated as "some" in English. It is often used multiple times in one sentence to refer to different members.


The sentence pattern1 is :
Topic, 有的 + Subject + Predicate, 有的 + Subject + Predicate,  …


停车场有很多汽车,有的汽车是红色的,有的汽车是灰色的,有的汽车是黑色的。


Since, from the context, we already know we are talking about the cars. So another way to say this sentence is :


Topic, 有的  + Predicate, 有的  + Predicate,  …
There are many cars at the parking lot. Some of them are red, some are gray, some are black.


停车场有很多汽车,有的是红色的,有的是灰色的,有的是黑色的。


Sometimes, especially when the number of members we mention is more than two, we use ‘还有的’ in the last part of the list.


停车场有很多汽车,有的汽车是红色的,有的汽车是灰色的,还有的汽车是黑色的。
Or


停车场有很多汽车,有的是红色的,有的是灰色的,还有的是黑色的。


花园里有很多花,有的花是红的,有的花是紫的,还有的花是黄的。
There are so many flowers in the garden. Some of them are red, some are purple, some are yellow.


中餐的种类很多,有的好吃,有的不好吃。
There are all kinds of Chinese food. Some of them are delicious, some are not.


这家店的衣服有的贵,有的便宜。